China Social Science Network Shaanxi (Reporter Lu Hang Intern reporter He Jingwen) In recent years, big data has swept the world like a wave, not only attracting attention in the field of information technology, but also changing the way of scientific research, management, government operation and even human thinking A hot spot. The application of big data technology in the field of environmental protection can be regarded as a brand new beginning to establish an environmental governance model that is both creative and practical. On July 30, the unveiling ceremony of the Environmental Protection Big Data Research Center of Xi'an Jiaotong University and the ECI press conference on the environmental comprehensive index were held in Xi'an.
Big data has begun a major era transformation. Huang Wei, the dean of the School of Management of Xi'an Jiaotong University and the director of the Environmental Big Data Research Center, introduced the purpose and significance of the establishment of the Environmental Big Data Research Center, as well as the future construction assumptions. Huang Wei said that just as telescopes allow us to experience the universe, and microscopes allow us to observe microorganisms, big data is changing the way we live and understand the world, becoming a source of new inventions and services. With the help of big data collection technology, the Environmental Protection Big Data Research Center transmits a large amount of information about various environmental quality indicators to the central database, and performs in-depth intelligent analysis and modeling of the data. We can find various previously unknown fields in the field of environmental protection. This kind of correlation predicts a certain trend of environmental meteorology, and accordingly formulates environmental protection strategies in a targeted manner, monitors the effects of environmental governance in real time, dynamically updates the governance plan, prevents and prevents new environmental damage behaviors early, and refines new environmental protection ideas. In order to form a new environmental protection plan, we can make environmental protection a little more familiar, and have a clear view, so that environmental protection work can be done with less effort. He hopes to carry out in-depth research on environmental data processing and effective analysis, and the development and release of environmental comprehensive indexes through strategic cooperation between industry, academia, and research, to further promote the construction of frontier disciplines, and to provide services for the formulation and improvement of national environmental protection policies and energy conservation and emission reduction.
Since 2013, the number of smog days in China has been the highest in 52 years, and PM2.5 has become the most popular environmental term of the year. Air pollution, solid waste discharge, and water pollution have made our sky no longer blue, the air no longer fresh, and the river no longer clear. Excessive pollution and environmental damage have become important factors affecting the health and safety of residents, and promoting environmental protection related regulations The promulgation of policies and strengthening the research and development of resource conservation, waste reduction and pollution control technologies have become the most urgent issues in the academic community.
How to deal with severe environmental problems is directly related to the implementation of China's sustainable development strategy. In his speech at the unveiling ceremony, Wang Chengwen, director of the Shaanxi Provincial Department of Environmental Protection, said that as a developing country, China's rapid economic development has also caused a series of environmental and resource issues. Because environmental pollution will have a serious impact on the healthy development of natural ecology and human health, and severely restrict economic development and social progress, environmental protection has become an increasingly important topic in China today. In recent years, environmental pollution problems such as haze, sandstorms, and water pollution have aroused great vigilance from the government, intellectual circles, and the public. Through in-depth intelligent analysis and modeling of big data on environmental protection, we can provide more accurate and more dimensional predictions for atmospheric environment and water quality health, and make targeted environmental protection strategies to make environmental protection work more effective. Building environmentally-friendly public data resources shared by the whole society is the first work that governments and environmental authorities need to do in the face of the development of big data and environmental protection industries.
At the unveiling ceremony, the Environmental Big Data Research Center also released its first research result: the environmental comprehensive index. According to Lin Xuanxiong, academic director of the Environmental Protection Big Data Research Center of Xi'an Jiaotong University, the comprehensive environmental index is an assessment of the environmental quality of the city based on the environmental gold rate theory, which combines the air quality index, surface water quality index, and pollution source monitoring index. Comprehensive indicators. Through the comprehensive environmental index, an environmental quality experience relationship is established between the public and the city, which warns of changes, changes and declines in environmental quality, stimulates the public's enthusiasm for environmental protection, and calls for everyone's efforts to improve the environment. "Big data applications have two bright spots in environmental protection: the first is continuous monitoring of environmental changes 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, and the second is the three-dimensional display of environmental data analysis results and governance models based on visual methods. Through virtual data we You can simulate the real environment, and then test whether the environmental protection plan formulated is effective. "Lin Xuanxiong said.
In the era of big data, information is gradually flattening, which means that data is fair to everyone in it. The Environmental Big Data Research Center has developed an app for the environmental comprehensive index, which can be applied on mobile terminals. Users can download the APP to query the status of the environmental comprehensive index in nearly 200 cities across the country in real time, and use electronic maps to perform positioning queries and understand themselves. Analysis of the environmental comprehensive index level and historical data of the city where the city is concerned or concerned, and index ranking of nearly 200 cities across the country to help the public understand the relative status of the urban environment.